Class Aves- Birds

 

Class Aves includes birds. Evidence suggests that birds evolved from reptiles, more specifically dinosaurs. Within the dinosaur group there is a group called theropods like the velociraptor. Theropods have reduced forelimbs. Archaeopteryx is considered to be the transitional fossil between reptiles and birds, as it has traits of both groups. Modern birds showed up in the fossil record 100 million years ago. Modern birds have feathers, 4 chambered hearts, and hollow bones. They are the first animals we have studied that are endothermic. their temperature is controlled internally. Here are the first entries of our last unit in Zoology- BIRD VOCAB QUIZ FRIDAY!!!!

1.Bird Vocab OrganizerBird Vocab Organizer

2. What Makes a Bird?what-makes-a-bird

3. Class Aves NotesAves2

4. Bird Color Code

5. Mammal VocabMammal Vocab

6. Birds of Preybirds-of-prey-video-qs /Mammal Chart

7. Class Mammalia Notes Mammalia(will be given Friday 12/8)

Anatomy- JOINTS

Anatomy- 11/29- Use Slides 71-97 of this  PPT to fill-in the chart on joints.  – Skeletal System Powerpoint2

USE NOTES AND TEXT TO COMPLETE JOINT PACKET.

 

LS-108- Unit 1/2 sheetWS-UNIT6-ToPrepareHalfSht-SKELETAL, MUSCULAR

RS-109- Unit Title Page

LS-110-Skeleton Label (1-45)

RS-111-Skeletal TERMS (listed in 1/2 sheet above)

LS- 112-Axial and Appendicular SkeletonLS-Assign-AX-app skeleton 2010-1935nlk 

RS-113-Skeletal Organization NotesSkeletal System Powerpoint2 

LS-114- Skeletal Enrichment WS

RS-115- Types of Bone (in Skeletal PPT above)

LS-116- Long Bone Color CodeLS-LONG BONE ANATOMY 2-xlsb0p 

RS- 117-Long Bone sheet with labels

LS-118- Microscopic Bone Anatomy Label

RS-119- Microscopic Bone Anatomy (in Long Bone PPT above)

LS-120- Muscle Groups Color Code

RS-121- Muscle Groups Notes

LS-122- Muscle Tissue Type Pics

RS-123- Types of Muscle Tissue Notes

LS-124- REview Qs (given today 12/4)

RS-125- Joint Chart Fill-IN

Skeletal System Quiz 11/28!

 

Muscle Quiz Th. 11/30!

Unit TEST is Weds. 12/6 over Skeletal and Muscular Systems!

SKELETON ABOUT TOWN PROJECT DUE MON  12/4Project-AboutTownSkeleton

THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM

Muscular System

The muscular system makes up nearly half the weight of the human body, this is why when we train we sometimes put on weight instead of losing it. We put on muscle weight.

The muscles provide the forces that enable the body to move. Muscles stretch across joints to link one bone with another and work in groups to respond to nerve impulses.

There are three types of muscle:

Skeletal muscle

  • There are nearly 650 skeletal muscles in the human body!
  • Skeletal muscles are attached to the skeleton
  • They work in pairs: one muscle moves the bone in one direction and the other moves it back again
  • STRIATED– With stripes in fibers
  • MULTINUCLEATED- 
  • Skeletal muscles are VOLUNTARY muscles – in other words we think about what movements we want to make (at least, usually!) and send messages via our nervous system to tell the appropriate muscle(s) to contract.
  • Muscle contractions can be short, single contractions or longer ones.
  • ADAPTABLE- amount of force depends on task. Ex.-picking up a paper clip- fraction of an ounce of force; Picking up a textbook- 70 lbs. of Force

Smooth muscle

  • Smooth muscle is found in our internal organs (VISCERAL): in our digestive system, our blood vessels, our bladder, our respiratory organs and, in a female, the uterus.
  • Smooth muscle can stretch and maintain tension over extended periods
  • NON-STRIATED
  • Smooth muscles are INVOLUNTARY muscles – in other words we do not have to think about contracting them because they are controlled automatically by the nervous system. It would be pretty inconvenient if we had to think about digesting our food (peristalsis), for example!

Cardiac muscle

  • As the name should tell you, cardiac muscle is found only in the HEART.
  • It can stretch, just like smooth muscle, and contract like skeletal muscle. STRIATED
  • It is a twitch muscle – it only does short single contractions
  • Like smooth muscle, cardiac muscle is INVOLUNTARY. It’d be rather dangerous if it were voluntary – we could stop our heart beating any time we wanted.
  • ONE Nucleus off to one side

LS-108- Unit 1/2 sheetWS-UNIT6-ToPrepareHalfSht-SKELETAL, MUSCULAR

RS-109- Unit Title Page

LS-110-Skeleton Label (1-45)

RS-111-Skeletal TERMS (listed in 1/2 sheet above)

LS- 112-Axial and Appendicular SkeletonLS-Assign-AX-app skeleton 2010-1935nlk 

RS-113-Skeletal Organization NotesSkeletal System Powerpoint2 

LS-114- Skeletal Enrichment WS

RS-115- Types of Bone (in Skeletal PPT above)

LS-116- Long Bone Color CodeLS-LONG BONE ANATOMY 2-xlsb0p 

RS- 117-Long Bone sheet with labels

LS-118- Microscopic Bone Anatomy Label

RS-119- Microscopic Bone Anatomy (in Long Bone PPT above)

LS-120- Muscle Groups Color Code

RS-121- Muscle Groups Notes

Skeletal System Quiz 11/28!

B LUNCH WED 11/29- Tues 12/5!

Muscle Quiz Th. 11/30!

Unit TEST is Tues. 12/5 over Skeletal and Muscular Systems!

SKELETON ABOUT TOWN PROJECT DUE Wed. 11/29Project-AboutTownSkeleton

Zoology- Dinosaur Webquest

Dinosaur webquest link– http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/dinosaurs/dinoclassification/.  Webquest file-Dinosaur Webquest1

VOCAB QUIZ WED 11/29! PORTFOLIOS AND TEST ON th. 11/30!!!

1. Unit 8 Vocab OrganizerUnit 7 VocabFILLED 

2. Vertebrate Movement to Land NotesVertebrate Movement to Land-11lv2c2

3. Frog Color Code

4. Class Reptilia Notes (in PPt above)

5. Sea Turtle WSSea Turtle Questions-22jbasb

6. Amniotic Egg Color CodeAmniote Egg-2ezohpb

7. Ultimate Guide SnakesUltimate Guide snakes and crocs

8. ReviewAmphibiaReptilia Review

Class Reptilia

Image result for pretty reptile

ZOOLOGY- We are continuing into Unit 8 with Class Reptilia. Reptiles are animals that are better adapted for life on land.  They have tough, scaly skin, claws, amniotic eggs, larger brains, and a specialized kidney that conserves water.  they also have stronger skeltons to support their weight against the force of gravity.  Their amniotic eggs are layered and do not have to be laid in water, they can be laid anywhere on land!!!!

1. Unit 8 Vocab OrganizerUnit 7 VocabFILLED 

2. Vertebrate Movement to Land NotesVertebrate Movement to Land-11lv2c2

3. Frog Color Code

4. Class Reptilia Notes (in PPt above)

5. Sea Turtle WSSea Turtle Questions-22jbasb

6. Amniotic Egg Color CodeAmniote Egg-2ezohpb

7. Ultimate Guide SnakesUltimate Guide snakes and crocs

8. ReviewAmphibiaReptilia Review

Anatomy- Skeletal System

Image result for skeletal system

The adult human skeletal system consists of 206 bones, as well as a network of tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connects them. The skeletal system performs vital functions — support, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium storage and endocrine regulation — that enable us to survive.

LS-108- Unit 1/2 sheetWS-UNIT6-ToPrepareHalfSht-SKELETAL, MUSCULAR

RS-109- Unit Title Page

LS-110-Skeleton Label (1-45)

RS-111-Skeletal TERMS (listed in 1/2 sheet above)

LS- 112-Axial and Appendicular SkeletonLS-Assign-AX-app skeleton 2010-1935nlk 

RS-113-Skeletal Organization NotesSkeletal System Powerpoint2 

LS-114- Skeletal Enrichment WS

RS-115- Types of Bone (in Skeletal PPT above)

LS-116- Long Bone Color CodeLS-LONG BONE ANATOMY 2-xlsb0p 

RS- 117-Long Bone sheet with labels

LS-118- Microscopic Bone Anatomy Label

RS-119- Microscopic Bone Anatomy (in Long Bone PPT above)

LS-120- Muscle Groups Color Code

RS-121- Muscle Groups Notes

Skeletal System Quiz 11/28!

B LUNCH WED 11/29- Tues 12/5!

Muscle Quiz Th. 11/30!

Unit TEST is Tues. 12/5 over Skeletal and Muscular Systems!

SKELETON ABOUT TOWN PROJECT DUE Wed. 11/29Project-AboutTownSkeleton

Class Amphibia

Unit 8: Vertebrate Movement to Land: Class Amphibia

Image result for amphibia

Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Chordata

Subphylum Vertebrata

Class Amphibia:

Amphibia is greek for “double life”. They get this name because they rely on water for reproduction and development, and live on land mostly as adults.  Amphibians display adaptations for both lifestyles.  

1. Unit 8 Vocab OrganizerUnit 7 VocabFILLED 

2. Vertebrate Movement to Land NotesVertebrate Movement to Land-11lv2c2

3. Frog Color Code

Vertebrate Movement to Land

Approximately 380 million years ago, groups of vertebrates began to move from aquatic ecosystems to terrestrial ones.  Before this time, bacteria, plants, simple animals, and arthropods were present on land.  Lobe finned fish and their descendents acquired adaptations that allowed them to scoot around in shallow water and on land.  These animals were the precursors to amphibians.  They display traits of fish, and also traits of Amphibians.  Tiktaalik is considered to be an intermediate between the two groups.  Today, we will discuss this trend of change and complete the Trnaisitional Tetrapod Activity- Transitional TetrapodsNAME

Zoology- Test Thursday!

ZoOLOGY-Image result for chordata

We have reached the last phylum we will cover in the animal kingdom- Phylum Chordata.  Chordates are animals that have a notochord, postanal tail, gill slits, and a dorsal nerve cord at some point in their lives.  Chordates include sea squirts, tunicates, lancelets, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.  In this unit, we cover simple chordates such as sea squirts and lancelets, and Fish!  

INTRO TO CHORDATES AND FISH TEST TH. 11/9!!!!!!!

There are 3 main classes of Fish:

Agnatha- jawless fish

Chondrichthyes- cartilaginous fish

Osteichthyes- bony fish

We will be dissecting the perch this week.

Image result for 3 main types of fish

1.Unit 7 VocabUnit 6 vocab organizer filled

2. Intro to Chordate Notesintro-to-chordates2

3. Shape of Life:Chordates Video QsShape of Life Chordates-24frxxv  

4. Sea Squirt Color Code/ phylum-chordata

5. Shark Anatomy

6. Perch Color Code/Life:FISH

7. REviewZoology Unit 6 Review