American Government Unit 2: The Legislative Branch

Legislative Branch Notes Fall 2017 POWERPOINT

Legislative Branch Guided Notes

Constitutional Power, Structure, and Legislative Committees

 

We will meet in lab 303 on Friday 4/13.  This assignment is due at the end of the class period.  You have the entire block.  Use your time wisely!

 

Classwork/Homework: 

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

  1. Article I powers of congress questions
  2. State Legislatures and Gerrymandering
  3. U2 How a Bill Becomes a Law flowchart Student
  4. Congressional Committees Guided Reading
  5. Ch 6 Section 1 wkst/G.O. Expressed Powers of the Congress
  6. non-legislative powers of Congress guided reading
  7. U2 Interest Groups Student

 

 

Support Videos

Crash Course Bicameral Congress

Crash Course Congressional Committees

Crash Course Congressional Leadership

Crash Course Congressional Decisions

Crash Course How a Bill becomes a Law

Unit 1: Foundations of American Government

Welcome to American Government.  Use this post to find information, resources, and assignments for Unit 1: The Foundations of Government.

Class Codes of iCivics

  • 3rd Block:  Marshall80843
    • Chief Justice John Marshall was the 4rd Chief Justice of the SCOTUS and held the position for over 30 years.  His long tenure allowed him to greatly influence constitutional law and he helped expand the Supreme Courts authority.  Marshall is responsible for helping develop the court into the powerful branch that we recognize today (most notably through Judicial Review which we will examine more in Unit 4).
  • 4th Block: Taney74391
    • Chief Justice Roger Taney was the 5th Chief Justice of the SCOTUS and held the positition for close to 30 years.  Taney is most known for delivering the majority opinion in the Dred Scott v. Sanford case.

Questions to consider…

What would the world be like without government?
What makes some governments good and others bad?
What are the responsibilities of living in a free land?

Classwork/homework…

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

  1.  Constitution webquest OR  Preambles DBQuest
  2. Bill of Rights:  Rank the first 10 Amendments in order of which you think is the most important (#1) to least important (#10) and justify why you chose this ranking
  3. Checks and Balances Flowchart

 

Presentations, PowerPoints, Guided Notes, etc…

Government types distribution of power and citizen participation

Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government Reading

AOC Shay Reb Constitution ratification compromise plan

AOC Shays Reb Constitution ratification compromise plan Guided Notes

The Constituiton of the United States

U1 Gov Constitution Guided Notes

Bill of Rights

Checks and Balances Flowchart

Constitution and Amendments info/overview from Cornell Law School

Federalists and Anti Federalists Reading and worksheet

Articles of Confederation to the Constitution Reading and worksheet

 

 

Historic Documents

Magna Carta
Mayflower Compact
Second Treatise of Civil Government John Locke 1690

Petition of Right

English Bill of Rights

IMPORTANT Review info

Continue checking the blog for updates.  Send messages through remind for additional clarification

Fundamental Concept Review

  1. What four inputs are considered productive resources?
    1. Land
    2. Labor
    3. Capital (Human and Physical)
    4. Entrepreneurship
  2. What is an output?
    1. Finished goods and services
  3. Why are incentives important?
    1. Encourage or discourage behavior
  4. What is a marginal benefit?
    1. The value of doing 1 more (study one more hour activity)
  5. Why do people weigh marginal benefits against marginal costs?
    1. In order to make a rational decision
  6. What is the purpose of a production possibilities curve?
    1. To show the maximum amount that can be produced with the resources available
  7. Trade offs
  8. Maximum production
  9. Why is economic efficiency important?
    1. Resources put to most productive use. Maximize output with what you have
  10. Why does specialization benefit society?
    1. Allows individuals and countries to become experts. This leads to an increase in product output.  (Make what you make best and trade for the rest)
  11. What three questions do all societies have to answer
    1. What to produce
    2. How to produce
    3. For whom to produce
  12. Name two characteristics of a market economy?
    1. Consumers/producers decide
    2. Profits are incentives
    3. Increasing level of competition
    4. Property rights are strong
  13. Name two characteristics of a command economy
    1. Centrally planned (government) producers and consumers have no say, no incentives to produce, no competition, job security
  14. Why are most market systems ultimately mixed systems?
    1. Government is needed to regulate businesses (set rules) to protect customers
  15. What system bases its economic decision upon what previous generations have done?
    1. Traditional
  16. What does it mean to allocate resources?
    1. How are resources distributed? Authority, 1st come 1st served, force, lottery, share, price, etc.
  17. Why is price a significant allocation strategy in a market system?
    1. If prices are too high, consumers will not want it. Signal to business not to produce so much.   Price can determine who gets what with the scarce (limited) goods.

MICRO

  1. What is the difference between the law of Supply and the Law of demand?
    1. Supply: If prices go up, producers will produce more.  Prices down, produce less
    2. Demand: if prices go up, consumers will buy less. Prices down, buy more
  2. How do resource costs cause a supply curve to shift?
    1. If the resources needed to produce a product become more expensive, sellers can produce less and supply will decrease and shift to the right.
    2. If the resources needed to produce a product become less expensive, sellers will produce more and supply will increase and shift to the right.
  3. Why do producer expectations influence the supply of a good?
    1. If producers expect the price of their product to fall in the future
      1. If producers expect the price of their product to fall in the future, they will supply more in the present while the market price is higher. This will cause supply to increase and shift to the right.
    2. If expect price to rise in the future, producers will wait to produce products (profit is incentive)
  4. Other factors that shift supply
    1. Change in the cost of resources,
    2. Government regulations
    3. # of sellers in marketplace
    4. Change in technology
    5. Change in education level of workers
  5. If the price of a complementary good increases, what happens to the demand for its related good?
    1. Decrease
    2. Example: Price of hot dogs increase, the demand for hotdog buns will decrease
  6. How do consumer preferences influence the demand for a good?
    1. If product becomes more popular (greater demand), curve will shift right (positive)
    2. If product becomes less popular, demand curve will shift left (negative)
  7. Other factors that shift demand
    1. Change in income
    2. Number of consumers
    3. Consumer expectations of price changes
  8. When supply and demand increase, what direction do their curves move (shift)?
    1. Right
    2. move to the right when it is a positive influence/ left when it is a negative.
  9. What is the significance of equilibrium price?
    1. Maximum efficiency
    2. Product supplied = amount demanded
    3. Also known as market clearing price
  10. Where is the price floor in relation to the equilibrium price?
    1. Above equilibrium
    2. Price floor QD<QS (more product than demanded creates SURPLUS)
    3. Price Ceiling QD> QS (more people want than is produced creates SHORTAGE)
  11. What is an example of a price floor and what do price floors create
    1. Minimum wage. Surplus
  12. What do households provide (sell) in the resource market?
    1. Land (receive rent), Labor (receive wages), Capital (interest) Entrepreneurship (profit)
  13. What do households receive (buy) in the product market?
    1. Finished goods/services
  14. In what form of business organization do the owners take all the risks
    1. Sole proprietorships (single owners)
    2. Partnerships (2+ owners but still small. e. doctors office/law office
  15. Who owns a corporation
    1. Shareholders (own stock in the company)
  16. In which market structure are there a large number of sellers who have no control over price?
    1. Pure competition
  17. In which market structure are there only a few sellers?
    1. Oligopoly
  18. In order to ensure that individuals are able to hold onto things they purchase and provide an incentive for businesses to invest, what must the government protect?
    1. Property rights.
    2. Enforce and protect by law/police/courts. This included intellectual property (i.e. patents)
  19. What happens when there is a market failure?
    1. Miscommunication in the market. Leads to Overproduction or Underproduction of goods/services

MACROECONOMICS

  1. Define Gross Domestic Product?
    1. C + I + G + NX = GDP (Consumption + Business Investment + Government Spending + (exports- imports)
  2. What is the total demand for goods and services within a nation called?
    1. Aggregate Demand
  3. What does the Consumer Price Index measure?
    1. Inflation (by using market basket of goods)
  4. How does structural unemployment differ from frictional unemployment?
    1. Structural: employees skills do not match the skills needed by the marketplace. Have to retrain to reenter the market
  5. What causes cyclical unemployment?
    1. Unemployment caused by a recession
  6. What are the four stages of the business cycle?
    1. Expansion, peal, contraction, trough
  7. What is monetary policy?
    1. Tools of the Federal Reserve to influence the economy (speed up or slow down)
  8. What are the goals of monetary policy?
    1. Price stability (control inflation) and full employment (4-6%)
  9. The FED can use Open Market to influence the money supply. If it wishes to speed up the economy by increasing the money supply, should it buy or sell government securities?
    1. Buy = bigger
    2. If Fed sells bond = shrink
  10. The interest rate that the FED charges its member banks is called the…
    1. Discount Rate
  11. If the FED decreases the reserve requirement, what will it allow banks to do?
    1. Lend out more $. This will increase the economy’s money supply
  12. If the FED wants banks to loan less money, what will it do the interest rate it pays banks to hold money in reserve?
    1. Interest on Reserves. Increase interest on Reserves will encourage banks to hold $ instead of lend
  13. How many Federal Reserve banks are there?
    1. 12 district banks and central bank in DC
  14. Why does the FOMC meet?
    1. To determine how the economy is doing and set interest rates
  15. What is fiscal policy?
    1. Tools Government uses to influence the economy
  16. What are two fiscal policy actions that the government can take if it wishes for consumers to spend more money?
    1. Reduce TAXES and increase SPENDING
  17. What is the national debt?
    1. Running total of all yearly deficits

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS

  1. What is an absolute advantage?
    1. Produce more than anyone else
  2. A country has a comparative advantage when it can produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than another nation it might want to trade with
  3. A trade deficit occrs when…
    1. Import more goods/services than export
  4. What do NAFTA, EU, and ASEAN have in common?
    1. Trade blocs to reduce or eliminate trade barriers
  5. What do trading blocs seek to eliminate?
    1. Trade barriers
  6. What are arguments in favor of free trade
    1. Increased specialization, most efficient use of resources, greater prosperity, greater variety of goods (more products than you could produce on your own)
  7. What are arguments against free trade (protectionism)?
    1. Protect infant industries
    2. Protect domestic workers
    3. Protect national security
    4. Protect other countries from unfair labor practices
    5. Protect environment
  8. How is a tariff different from a quota
    1. Tariff = TAX Quota = # (quantity)
  9. What is an embargo?
    1. Restriction X
  10. What is an exchange rate?
    1. Value of different nation’s currencies in relation to one another
  11. What has to happen for the dollar to appreciate?
    1. Demand for US exports increases
  12. What does it mean when the dollar depreciates?
    1. Our stuff is on sale
    2. Cheaper for foreigners to vacation here
    3. Demand for US imports down

Personal Finance

  1. How do banks earn profit?
    1. Charging interest on loans
    2. REMEMBER: Interest is the COST of borrowing money
  2. What is the difference between interest charged and interest earned?
    1. Charged: % charged by banks when you borrow $ (individual takes a loan)
    2. Earned: % earned by individuals for storing $ in bank (Bank takes a loan)
  3. What are the basic characteristics of a bank?
    1. Safer place to store $
    2. Checking, savings, CD, loans
  4. What is the primary way credit unions are different from banks?
    1. Credit union: non-profit. Better interest rates. Must be a member
    2. Bank: for profit. Anyone can open an account or apply for a loan
  5. What do payday lenders receive in return for making a small loan?
    1. Part of the borrower’s paycheck.
    2. Charge borrower’s high interest rates
  6. What do title pawn lenders hold as security when they make loans?
    1. Collateral à Title for the car. If you don’t make the payments, the car can be repossessed to cover the costs of the loan
  7. What is a certificate of Deposit?
    1. Less liquid savings plan from banking institutions
    2. Slightly higher interest but cannot access $ for a specific period of time
    3. Fee for early withdrawal
  8. Why do people buy stocks?
    1. Riskiest way to invest
    2. High risk, high reward
    3. Best to diversify! Don’t put all your eggs in one basket
  9. What is a mutual fund?
    1. investmentthat uses money from many investors to invest in stocks, bonds or other types of investments
    2. decisions made by a mutual fund manager
  10. Who does unanticipated inflation hurt?
    1. Lenders @ fixed rate
    2. People with no COLA (Cost of Living Adjustment)
  11. What does it mean to have good credit character?
    1. Credit worthy
    2. Lower interest rates
    3. Easier to get a loan (lenders more willing to lend you money)
  12. The ability of an individual to pay back a loan based on his/her income is called
    1. Capacity
  13. What is simple interest?
    1. Interest that only applies to the original amount borrowed
  14. A variable interest rate means that an interest rate can…
    1. Fluctuates (changes) based on the interest rates within market
  15. What is an individual trying to protect when he/she purchases insurance?
    1. Protection from FINANCIAL LOSSES
  16. What is a deductible?
    1. Amount of money paid when (insurance) service is used
    2. Consumers responsibility for their portion of the loss/claim
    3. Higher risk = higher amount paid by insured
    4. High deductible (consumer’s loss responsibility) = lower monthly premium payments
  17. Who does an individual share liability with when he/she buys insurance
    1. Known as shared liability
    2. The individual shares liability with the company that insures them
  18. When does a progressive tax increase?
    1. When income increases
    2. (burden of tax increases as income increases)
    3. Example: Federal Income Tax
  19. When does a regressive tax decrease?
    1. When income increases
    2. Burden of tax increases as income decreases
    3. Example: Sales Tax
  20. What is another name for a flat tax?
    1. Proportional
    2. Everyone pays the same % regardless of income
    3. Example: Medicare Tax is 1.45% for everyone

Economics Prep for EOC

Econ Review Essentials-POWERPOINT IN CLASS 3/19

Milestone Study Guide

Practice Questions

Econ Ed Link Review Videos

EconMentor

DOE Student Guide

 

 List of Standards:  https://www.georgiastandards.org/Georgia-Standards/Documents/Social-Studies-Economics-Georgia-Standards.pdf

Take the unit tests in the Georgia Council on Economic Education (GCEE) test prep app!  Repeat until you see question duplication!  Great practice!  If your phone does not cooperate, scroll down to the link to Dr. Cannon’s practice below.  Search GCEE Test Prep in App Store/Play Store

Do the practice questions at the end of this assessment guide, they begin on page 16.  http://www.gadoe.org/Curriculum-Instruction-and-Assessment/Assessment/Documents/Milestones/Assessment%20Guides/GM_ECON_AG_10-25-16.pdf

Georgia DOE Study Guide  , click here for an electronic copy.

NEW REVIEW:  For an updated review in 4 pages of text, click here!

GREAT VIDEOS FOR EOC ECON:  Great resource–For practice quizzes and access to the video clips I sometimes use in class, click here!  You must click on the video clip to access the practice quiz

ECONMENTOR – http://www.econmentor.com/ has reviews for EOC as well as AP.


One Pagers – Summaries of Each Unit:  Read each of these!

Macroeconomics

 

Class Resources:

Prentice Hall Economics: Principles in Action Online Textbook

Economics Syllabus Spring 2018

Everfi login page            USATestPrep login page

Short Concept Videos and mini quizzes (Great for Studying or Extra Help!!!)

 

Vocabulary Quiz and Everfi DUE  3/9/18

UNIT TEST WILL BE   

This will be the place that you go to for all assignments, presentations, and information for the Microeconomics Unit.

History, Functions, and Characteristics of Money

Classwork/Homework: 

  1. GDP Scenarios
  2. Unanticipated Inflation
  3. Unemployment
  4. Business Cycle (Draw and label the business cycle.  Also explain the tools that the Government (Fiscal Policy) and the Federal Reserve (Monetary Policy) use to influence the economy.  Which policies are used to speed up and slow down the economy?  How do these policies impact these goals?
  5. Fiscal Policy Scenarios
  6. Monetary Policy Graphic Organizer

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

Videos and Extras

  1. GDP-Powerpoint
  2. Unemployment PPT
  3. Inflation Spring 2018 PPT
  4. Inflation Video
  5. Macro Kahoot
  6. Money and Inflation A functional Relationship from the St Louis Fed
  7. The Federal Reserve and the Discount Rate

Economics: Personal Finance

Class Resources:

Prentice Hall Economics: Principles in Action Online Textbook

Economics Syllabus Spring 2018

Everfi login page            USATestPrep login page

Short Concept Videos and mini quizzes (Great for Studying or Extra Help!!!)

UNIT TEST WILL BE  3/2   Personal Finance Reading Study Guide

This will be the place that you go to for all assignments, presentations, and information for the Microeconomics Unit.

Personal Finance- building wealth investing and saving-PPT

Education, Income, and Wealth

Three types of taxes Classwork

Classwork/Homework: 

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

  1. Personal Finance vocab_standards based (66 points)
  2.   Income Tax facts and filings Reading
    1. Income Tax Facts and Findings Worksheet (20 Points)
  3. Personal Finance Scavenger Hunt (16 Points)
  4. Personal Finance student credit/interest/insurance READING
    1. Credit Worksheet (15 Points)
    2. Insurance Types Wkst (10 points)

Videos and Extras

  1. Progressive, Regressive, and Proportional Taxes (Short video)
  2. Crash Course Economics: Taxes
  3. Rule of 752
  4. Investing 101
  5. Power of Compound Interest
  6. Who wants to be a Millionaire? 

Microeconomics Unit 2

Class Resources:

Prentice Hall Economics: Principles in Action Online Textbook

Economics Syllabus Spring 2018

Everfi login page            USATestPrep login page

Short Concept Videos and mini quizzes (Great for Studying or Extra Help!!!)

Vocabulary Quiz will be 2/1

UNIT TEST WILL BE  2/8

This will be the place that you go to for all assignments, presentations, and information for the Microeconomics Unit.

  1. U2 Circular Flow and Econoland Activity
  2. Circular Flow with Activity Microeconomics
  3. U2 The Circular Flow Model Applied scenarios

Classwork/Homework: 

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

  1. Circular Flow Diagram Analysis (front) and  Circular Flow Concepts (back)
  2. Demand Curve Practice
  3. Determinants of Demand
  4. Understanding Demand Worksheet
  5. Understanding Supply (Chapter 5 Section 3)
  6. Drawing Supply Curves
  7. Market Equilibrium, Price Floors, and Price Ceilings
  8. Market Structures
  9. Business Organizations Reading and Graphic Organizer

Videos and Extras

  1. Circular Flow homework help
  2. Worksheet- The Circular Flow Model Applied
  3. Circluar Flow Matrix AC DC Economics   Video

 

Economics: Fundamentals Unit 1

Class Resources:

Prentice Hall Economics: Principles in Action Online Textbook

Economics Syllabus Spring 2018

UNIT TEST WILL BE 1/25

This will be the place that you go to for all assignments, presentations, and information for the Economic Fundamentals Unit.

Economics Concept Chart  Powerpoint

U1 Econ Resource Allocation Three Hour Tour  Powerpoint

U1 Econ Factors of Production  Powerpoint

 

Classwork/Homework: 

You are responsible for all work due.  If you miss a day, check the board in class, email/speak to me, talk to a classmate for notes, and check here for assignments that may be collected at the end of the Unit.

  1. Concept Chart Student      Concept Chart Terms
  2. Vocabulary
  3. SNICKERS Factors of Production

 

Extras:

Opportunity Cost interactive activity

Crash Course: Intro to Economics

 

American Government Civil Liberties and Judicial Branch

This will be your go to place for all information and classwork for this unit

Before Thanksgiving Break, we will be wrapping up the Civil Rights and Civil Liberties mini-unit.  Your project and presentation is a TEST GRADE!  Do a great job!

 

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Handout

A Nation of Liberties Democracy and World War II

Why We Fight Video PBS

Your rights, responsibilities, and obligations  PPT

Citizen Rights and Responsibilites Family Feud

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Amendment Project-TEST GRADE

 

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