WEB resources for SEASONS

Web Resources

EARTH, MOON & SUN resources

Standards and Learning Targets

S6E1. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about current scientific views of the
universe and how those views evolved.

“I can obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the current scientific views of the universe and how those views evolved.”
a. Ask questions to determine changes in models of Earth’s position in the solar system, and
origins of the universe as evidence that scientific theories change with the addition of new
“I can ask questions to determine changes in models of Earth’s position in the solar system.”

“I can ask questions to determine the origins of the universe.”
b. Develop a model to represent the position of the solar system in the Milky Way galaxy and in
the known universe.

“I can develop a model to represent the position of the solar system in the Milky Way.”
c. Analyze and interpret data to compare and contrast the planets in our solar system in terms
 size relative to Earth,
 surface and atmospheric features,
 relative distance from the sun, and
 ability to support life.

“I can analyze and interpret data to compare and contrast the planets.”
d. Develop and use a model to explain the interaction of gravity and inertia that governs the
motion of objects in the solar system.

“I can develop and use a model to explain the interaction of gravity and inertia that governs the motion of objects in the solar system.”
e. Ask questions to compare and contrast the characteristics, composition, and location of
comets, asteroids, and meteoroids.

“I can ask questions to compare and contrast the characteristics, composition and location of comets, asteroids and meteoroids.”

Astronauts/Life in Space

What Outer Space Does to your Body

The incredible collaboration behind the International Space Station

Could we actually live on Mars?

Will future spacecraft fit in our pockets?

Life of an astronaut

The scandalous life of Tycho Brahe (not all scientists lived boring lives)

Eyes on the Stars

Free-falling in outer space

Gravity and the Human Body

Who won the space race?


Why neutrinos matter 

Could Comets be the source of life on Earth?

Could we stop an asteroid?

How do we measure distances in space?

Is space trying to kill us?

The Universe

How cosmic Rays help us understand our universe

The 3D Atlas of the Universe (Ted Talk)

The death of the universe

Is there a center of the universe?

Dark Matter: the matter we can’t see

The beginning of the universe for beginners


Alien Life?

Finding Habitable Worlds

Calculating the odds of intelligent alien life

Why can’t we see evidence of alien life?

The Sun

Sunlight is way older than you think

How to detect a supernova

How do we study stars?

Why does the sun really shine?

The reasons for the seasons

A rare, spectacular total eclipse of the sun

What light can teach us about the universe


The reasons for the seasons

Four ways to understand the Earth’s age

What if the Earth stopped spinning?

What on Earth is spin?

The Moon

The moon illusion

Science Mystery

Moon Phase Simulation

What phase is the moon RIGHT NOW?

Why do people see faces in the moon?

What do YOU see in the moon?

The many names of the full moon

Moon facts: Fun facts about Earth’s Moon

The moon–Nasa


Web Resources

Earth’s Atmosphere- a visual guide to the layers of the atmosphere with descriptions 

Earth’s Atmosphere: Facts about composition, climate, and weather

Earth’s Atmosphere- information from National Geographic 

Layers of the Earth’s Atmosphere- information about each layer

The Greenhouse Effect: A student’s guide to global climate change

ClimateKids: NASA’s Eyes on the Earth 


Greenhouse Effect pHeT

Weather Balloon Simulation

Glaciers Simulation

Heat Transfer Simulation (Energy 2D)

Weather Fronts




Video: 25 Facts About Earth’s Atmosphere

Video: Brainpop- Earth’s Atmosphere 

Crash Course Currents (and breezes/winds)

Crash Course Weather Channels

Crash Course: Land and Water

Study Jams Weather Videos (9 different videos on weather topics)

Brainpop Weather Videos (Multiple Videos on weather topics)

Log in with lunch number/lunch number

Flocabulary Weather

Barometer Video

How heavy is air?

How do Tornadoes form?

The most lightning-struck place on Earth.


Natural Resources Air
>Natural Resources
>Air Pollution:

Wildest Weather in the Solar System

Interactive Weather Maker

Worksheet to go with Weather Maker

Tornado Simulator

Hurricane Simulator

Hurricane: Whirlwind Disaster

How does a hurricane form?

Making Lightning

Precipitation Simulator



Cute Weather Games

Clouds Memory Game

Hurricane Hero

When Disaster Strikes

Satellite Insight

Atmospheric Chemistry Game
Wild Weather Adventure Game:
Weather Reporting Game username: mrsv1, password eastcobb17
Interactive Weather Maker
Lightning & Thunder
Clouds and Storms

Land and Sea Breezes


Powerpoint on Fronts




Types of clouds

 Cloud pictures

More cloud pictures

Cloud matching game

>>Weather simulation: (as time permits)

Cloud Tutorial PowerPt


Sci-Links Activities:

Use the indicated textbook code for each activity:

www.scilinks.org What is Climate?, code HSM1659
Climates of the World, code HSM0302
Changes in Climate, code HSM0252

Energy in the Atmosphere, code HSM0512
Greenhouse Effect: code# HSM0694
Atmospheric Pressure and Winds: code# HSM0115

Air Masses and Fronts, code HSM0032

EARLY release day, TODAY!!

Hello fellow Scientist!!  I hope this post finds each of you exploring and doing WELL!!  We’re having early release today due to the end of our grading period.  Everyone be safe and enjoy!! 🙂


OFFICE 365 sign up!

How To Get To One Drive:

Video File:

Video Player


Work Session: Go to my blog (here) and follow the directions:

  1. Go to www.cobbk12.org
  2. Hover over Parents and Select Office 365 Login
  3. Enter your [email protected]
  4. Your password will be your lunch number, if you are at home the password is required. It is not required here.
  5. Select ONE DRIVE


Parent INFO~ SUN, MOON & Sun

Sun, Earth, and Moon Unit


The Sun and Earth’s Climate

The word “climate” comes from the Greek word “klima”, meaning inclination. While weather describes the day-to-day changes in rainfall, temperature, etc., climate refers to the long-term conditions of weather in a region. A number of factors influence a region’s climate: latitude, altitude, topography, proximity to large bodies of water, and global wind patterns. In this unit, we are focused primarily on the effect of latitude and the distribution of sunlight on climate. Closer to the equator, the Earth receives more direct light, meaning it is concentrated in a smaller area, thus raising temperatures. At higher latitudes, that same amount of light energy has to spread out over more area due to Earth’s spherical shape (over Earth’s curve), so the resulting temperatures are cooler.


Phases of the Moon

From any location on the Earth, the Moon appears to be a circular disk that, at any specific time, is illuminated to some degree by direct sunlight. Like the Earth, the Moon is a sphere which is always half-illuminated by the Sun, but as the Moon orbits the Earth we get to see more or less of the illuminated half. During each lunar orbit (a lunar month), we see the Moon’s appearance change from not visibly illuminated, through partially illuminated, to fully illuminated, then back through partially illuminated to not illuminated again. Although this cycle is a continuous process, there are eight distinct, traditionally recognized stages, called phases. The phases designate both the degree to which the Moon is illuminated and the geometric appearance of the illuminated part.



When a planet passes between the Sun and another planet or a moon, it casts a shadow called an eclipse.

  • When the Moon moves into the Earth’s shadow, a lunar eclipse This is the most common and observable type of eclipse. In a lunar eclipse, all or part of the Moon is dark.
  • When the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, a solar eclipse occurs. The Moon’s shadow falls on the Earth, which causes a portion of the Earth to become dark. Solar Eclipses last for only around eight minutes, but are much more dramatic than lunar eclipses. Darkness falls in the middle of the day, but the day-time sounds of nature become unnaturally quiet as they would be at night. Because the Moon is much smaller than the Earth, the shadow of the Moon does not completely cover the surface of the Earth during a solar eclipse.



Each of you has been assigned a storm project. The checklist can be found here: storm_project_ventresca-2018


There are a few choices of platforms on which you can make your project (click on the links for tutorials)


IMG_7210Creative Commons License Marcelo Albuquerque via Compfight

General Information:

  1. Weather Wiz Kids: Tornadoes
  2. NOAA: Severe Weather 101-Tornadoes
  3. Online Tornado FAQ
  4. Tornadoes 101 Video
  5. Where Else do Tornadoes Strike?
  6. Brainpop.com-Tornadoes

How to get ready/stay safe:

  1. Ready for Tornadoes
  2. CDC: Tornado Preparedness
  3. OSHA: Tornado preparedness
  4. Red Cross: Tornado Info and Checklist

Hurricane Links:

Hurricane Irene 8/26/11dsleeter_2000 via Compfight

General Information:

  1. National Hurricane Center
  2. Weather Wiz Kids: Hurricanes
  3. Hurricanes: Engines of Destruction
  4. Brainpop: Hurricanes
  5. Hurricanes and Climate Change
  6. Science Kids
  7. Nat Geo: Hurricanes
  8. How are hurricanes named?

How to stay safe:

  1. How to get READY
  2. NOAA: preparedness
  3. NWS: Hurricane checklist
  4. Red Cross: Hurricane Preparedness

Thunderstorm Links:

Lightning 30 Jan 2015Nathanael Coyne via Compfight

General Information:

  1. Weather Wiz Kids: Thunderstorms
  2. Severe Weather 101: Thunderstorm Basics
  3. Brainpop: Thunderstorms
  4. National Storm Damage Center:Thunderstorms
  5. Weather for Kids: Thunderstorms
  6. Thunder Facts for Kids
  7. Easy Science: Thunderstorms
  8. Weather Channel

How to stay safe:

  1. How to get READY
  2. Noaa: Preparedness
  3. Red Cross: Thunderstorm Safety
  4. Thunderstorm Safety Checklist

Blizzard/Winter StormLinks:

Icicles 6zharth via Compfight

General Information:

  1. Rescue Task Force: Blizzards
  2. How do blizzards form?
  3. NOAA: What is a Blizzard?
  4. Blizzard Facts and Info
  5. Scale used to measure Blizzards
  6. Weather Wiz Kids: Winter Storms
  7. Why are blizzards so dangerous?
  8. Blizzard Facts
  9. Blizzard Facts for Kids

How to stay safe:

  1. How to get READY
  2. Red Cross: Winter Storm Preparedness
  3. Winter Storms and Extreme Cold: What to do
  4. FEMA: How to prepare for a blizzard
  5. Preparedness Checklist from CDC

Week of February 26- March 2

Students will review the unequal heating of land and water and its effect on weather patterns.

Authentic Scenario/Phenomenon:

The local pool water is really cold in May when the pool opens, despite the fact that the air temperature is warm. In October, the pool water is  warm compared to the cooler air temperatures.


Guiding Question

-How does unequal heating of land and water affect weather patterns?

-How do differences in air pressure cause land and sea breezes?

-How does the sun’s heating of water in the tropics affect the world’s climate?

-What is the Coriolis Effect?

-How does the Coriolis Effect influence wind and water movement?



Land and Water Crash Course Video

Heat Capacity of Land and Water

Modeling the Coriolis Effect (1)-2eijwg0 Lesson Plan Doc

(note: we will use inflatable globes instead of balloons since we have them and they are more realistic…and I am unfortunately allergic to latex:)

How Heavy is Air?


Authentic Scenario

The Jan. 21-23, 2017 tornado outbreak was one of the largest outbreaks on record not only for January, but for any winter month, according to data from the National Weather Service.



Guiding Questions:

·       Why is weather considered a system?

·       How do we determine weather patterns?

·       What are the major types of air masses that affect weather in North America?

·       Why are tornadoes less common in the winter than during spring and summer?

Week before Winter break, February 12 – 16, 2018


S6E4. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about how the sun, land, and water
affect climate and weather.
a. Analyze and interpret data to compare and contrast the composition of Earth’s atmospheric
layers (including the ozone layer) and greenhouse gases.
(Clarification statement: Earth’s atmospheric layers include the troposphere, stratosphere,
mesosphere, and thermosphere.)
b. Plan and carry out an investigation to demonstrate how energy from the sun transfers heat to
air, land and water at different rates.
(Clarification statement: Heat transfer should include the processes of conduction,
convection, and radiation.)
c. Develop a model demonstrating the interaction between unequal heating and the rotation of
the Earth that causes local and global wind systems.
d. Construct an explanation of the relationship between air pressure, weather fronts, and air
masses and meteorological events such as tornados and thunderstorms.
e. Analyze and interpret weather data to explain the effects of moisture evaporating from the
ocean on weather patterns and weather events such as hurricanes.


Web Resources

Parent letter for WEATHER & CLIMATE UNIT 5

Sixth Grade Weather Unit

Parent Information

Unequal Heating of Materials on Earth

The Earth is covered by an unequal distribution of large masses of land and water which absorb heat at different rates. Oceans have a very large heat capacity as compared to land which means that the heat is lost at a much slower rate. So, during the daytime, air over land is warmer than the air over water. This can be seen at the beach. The warm, less dense air over the sand rises while the cooler, denser air over the water sinks which results in an on-shore breeze. At night, the effect is reversed as the land becomes cooler than the water.

Many differences in local geography affect the annual temperature pattern of a region. Differences in the land and water, distance from large bodies of water and/or mountains, and the ocean currents all have an effect. As an example, think about water mass formation in the high latitudes of the North Atlantic. There is a loss of heat to the atmosphere which lowers the temperature of the ocean’s surface and causes the more dense cooler water to sink. Warmer water then moves in from lower latitudes to replace this. This raises the ocean surface temperatures and this water is moved eastward towards Europe. This partially explains the milder European winters as compared to American cities at the same latitude. (ex. New York versus Madrid)


Water heats up much more slowly than land with the result that continents are warmer than the oceans. The warmer air above the continents leads to wind and weather. Wind is air in motion. If there are differences in air temperature, the warmer air expands, becomes lighter, and rises while the cold air sinks. This movement produces winds which are also affected by the rotation of the earth. The Coriolis effect causes moving masses of air to be deflected toward the east in the Northern Hemisphere and to the west in the Southern Hemisphere. These winds drive Earth’s weather systems. Temperatures along ocean coasts are moderated by these sea and land breezes, while the interior of larger landmasses get hotter.

Air Pressure

Colder air has higher air pressure and will move into areas of lower air pressure which also produces wind. Around the Earth, there are several major atmospheric “bands” where high or low pressure predominates with a general pattern of high pressure air movement to lower pressure areas. The greater the difference in air pressure between any two places at the same altitude, the stronger the wind will be. The boundaries where these high and low pressure areas meet are called fronts, and these fronts are usually very active in producing precipitation. Weather forecasters track the movement of high and low pressure areas, because they affect the patterns of other weather variables such as temperature, cloudiness, and wind.


Thunderstorms form within cumulonimbus clouds when warm air is forced upward at a cold front or on hot, humid summer afternoons. The warm, humid air rises quickly, cools, and forms tall, dense clouds (“thunderheads”) that produce heavy rain and sometimes hail. The transition from a small cloud into a turbulent, electrified storm front can occur in as little as 30 minutes. The sharper, darker, and lower the

front edge of the cloud, the more severe the storm. The anvil-shaped top of the storm cloud points in the direction that the storm is moving. When warm ground air rises and meets colder air, it condenses and forms water droplets. Condensation releases energy, which charges the atmosphere. When the dissimilar charge between the negatively charged surface air and the positively charged highest parts of the cloud gets large enough, lightning occurs.

Tornadoes develop in the same type of cumulonimbus cloud. They occur under the same conditions as thunderstorms, in the spring and summer and usually late in the afternoon when the ground is warm. Tornadoes form when the warm, humid air mass meets a cold, dry air mass. The cold air moves under the warm air, which rises. Squall lines of thunderstorms form and can cause numerous tornadoes.